iPad SP1

Pre-connected adult/child “smart” electrode pads

Pad indicator displays illustrates pad life remaining, with verbal instructions to “replace pads” or to “connect pads”.

Simple switch selection from adult to child mode

The same set of electrode pads for both adults and children.  No additional pads required,  saving precious time and expense

Automatic adjustment to background noise

Voice prompts can adjust up to 90 decibels, so it can always be heard easily in noisy environments.

CPR detection & metronome

Ensures CPR is being performed, giving an audible guidance to keep chest compressions going at the correct rate.

Plug-in pad adapters to stop pad changes when backup arrives

Pad compatibility with front line vehicles of the NHS Ambulance Services, streamlines the handover to of a patient to advanced care.

What is an AED?

An AED is a very safe and easy to use electronic device, designed to be used by a layperson. It automatically reads the heart rhythm of someone who may have suffered a cardiac arrest and diagnoses if an electrical shock is required to restore a normal heart rhythm. If it is required, an AED will safely deliver a controlled electrical shock to the heart.

Are AED’s simple to use?

Yes, they are designed to be used by laypeople. AED’s use a series of illustrations and calm voice prompts to guide someone through the whole process, step by step.

Are AED’s dangerous if not used by medical professionals?

No, AED’s are designed to be used by anyone. An AED will use a series of voice prompts and illustrations to give step by step guidance. It is impossible to give a shock to the heart of someone who does not need one

Can I do any harm with an AED?

No, you can do no harm with an AED. They will only allow an electrical shock to be delivered to the heart of someone who needs it. A shock cannot be delivered in error. When someone has a cardiac arrest, life cannot be sustained. In fact, someone is technically already dead after suffering a cardiac arrest and they will not have a chance of survival without early CPR and early defibrillation.

Could I kill someone if I try and use an AED?

If someone has suffered a cardiac arrest, they are already technically dead. Using an AED will offer the best chances of restoring life. An AED cannot and will not allow a shock to be delivered to the heart of someone who does not need one.

Could I make things worse by shocking the heart of someone that does not need it?

It is impossible to shock someone who does not need it. An AED will only deliver a shock if the heart requires one. You cannot make things worse.

Why should I not just wait for an Ambulance before doing anything?

For every minute that passes without early CPR and defibrillation, there is a 10% drop in the chances of survival. Current UK NHS Ambulances are targeted to reach people suffering a cardiac arrest within 8 minutes, nevertheless they may encounter challenges such as traffic congestion, difficult access, crowds and travelling to remote areas which can delay their arrival on scene. The sooner CPR and an AED is used, the more effective trained medical staff can be when they arrive.

When should an AED be used?

An AED should be used when it is suspected someone has suffered a cardiac arrest.

What is a cardiac arrest?

A cardiac arrest is when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood around the body. It is caused by a problem with the electrical system of the heart. Death of a person suffering a cardiac arrest can occur within minutes.

How would I know if someone has suffered a cardiac arrest?

You will not know for sure, which is why an AED is so important. Someone who has suffered a cardiac arrest will be unresponsive, not moving and not breathing. The heart will have stopped pumping blood around the body, so someone suffering a cardiac arrest will lose consciousness almost immediately and will also show no visible signs of life – such as movement or breathing.

Is a cardiac arrest the same as a heart attack?

No, the term heart attack is often used by mistake to describe a cardiac arrest. A heart attack is when a blockage prevents blood getting to the heart. This causes death of the heart muscle, not necessarily the death of the person suffering a heart attack. A heart attack might lead to a cardiac arrest, but the terms do not mean the same thing.

Do I need to be trained to use an AED?

Anyone can use an AED. Untrained people have used them successfully to save a life and lack of training (or recent refresher training) should not be a barrier. It is desirable for people to be trained in the use of an AED and that they keep their skills up to date, but if the circumstances dictate that no trained operator is present, someone willing to use an AED must not be deterred from doing so. (UK Resuciation Council, 2010 & 2013)

What does defibrillation mean?

Defibrillation is the term used to describe the process of delivering a controlled electrical shock to the heart with an AED to restore the heart to a normal rhythm.

Can an AED be used on both adults and children?

Yes. You will need to check with the manufacturer of the AED as to the changes required to make an AED safer for children between 1 and 8 years old. The iPAD SP1 has a simple switch selection if it is to be used on a child between 1 and 8 years old. Some models of AED require different electrode pads or settings to be changed.

Can an AED be used if someone is pregnant?

Yes. A mother will need to be resuscitated if a unborn baby is to survive.

Can an AED be used in wet conditions?

Yes. You would need to ensure the immediate skin area on the chest is dried off and shelter provided where possible. There is no immediate danger to the person using the AED.

What is a public access defibrillator?

This is when an AED is placed in a public place. This can be anywhere where people gather. Ideally this could be in areas where there is a high incidence or risk of cardiac arrest or in areas where it is hard for the Ambulance Service to access e.g rural areas, crowded areas, high traffic congestion & poor road networks (British Heart Foundation, 2014).

Is there a legal requirement to have an AED in a workplace?

There is currently no legislation in place to make AED’s mandatory in the workplace. There are efforts being made to promote the introduction of legislation to make the provision of AEDs mandatory in the workplace, schools, sports venues, and certain public buildings (UK Resuscitation Council, 2013)

Could a rescuer be sued after trying to resuscitate someone?

© 2018 by Sussex First Aid Training & Trauma